Heide Smith's Tiwi Collection - Tiwi Culture
The image above shows a Pukamani Mortuary Ceremony. The description below is taken from The Tiwi College Brochure.
"Performance of this ceremony ensures that the spirit of the dead person goes from the living world into the spirit world. The Pukamani is a public ceremony and provides a forum for artistic expression through song, dance, sculpture and body painting. The ceremony occurs months after the deceased has been buried. The Tiwi believe that the dead person's existence in the living world is not finished until the completion of the ceremony. The final Pukamani is the climax of a series of ceremonies that traditionally continued for many months after the burial of the dead. There is usually one iliana (funeral ceremony) at the time of death and then many months later the final Pukamani."
It is said that the language spoken by two different aboriginal "tribes", can be as different as French and Russian. So it is when the customs, and resulting attitudes and beliefs of the Tiwi, are compared to those of white Australians. It is difficult to understand Tiwi behavour without some knowledge of Tiwi culture. For the same reason, it is equally easy to unintentionally behave badly in their eyes.
boy painted for ceremony
preparing for ceremony
barney warns the spirits of our arrival
If you would like to see more images, or learn more about Tiwi customs and culture, have a look at my website or, there are still a few copies of my second Tiwi Book in my online shop